In my previous post in this series I covered the difference between Shape Average, Shape Peak and Shape with no Excess. Now that that’s out of the way, let’s get down to configuration examples. I’ll use similar specifications to the ones I used last time:
- CIR = 512kbps (512,000 bps)
- Bc = 5,120 bps
- Tc = 10ms (0.001 seconds)
- Be = 5,120 bps for Shape Average and Shape Peak. (Shaping with no Excess will be covered in my next post).
Below is a basic Shape Average policy map with a 512kb shaper applied.
R1(config)#policy-map ShapeAverage-512k R1(config-pmap)# class class-default R1(config-pmap-c)#shape average 512000 R1(config-pmap-c)#interface fa0/0 R1(config-if)#service-policy output ShapeAverage-512k R1(config-if)#do sh policy-map int f0/0 FastEthernet0/0 Service-policy output: ShapeAverage-512k Class-map: class-default (match-any) 0 packets, 0 bytes 5 minute offered rate 0 bps, drop rate 0 bps Match: any Traffic Shaping Target/Average Byte Sustain Excess Interval Increment Rate Limit bits/int bits/int (ms) (bytes) 512000/512000 3200 12800 12800 25 1600 Adapt Queue Packets Bytes Packets Bytes Shaping Active Depth Delayed Delayed Active - 0 0 0 0 0 no
The first thing to note is that I did not have to configure the Bc and Be values myself, the router did it for me. In fact, as mentioned in my previous post, Cisco do not recommend choosing these values manually.
The next thing to note is the interval. As there is no configuration command which allows me to manually set the Tc, it would appear that I’m stuck using the router’s default 25ms. This therefore means that our Bc and Be figures are incorrect too. (More on this in my next post).
The final thing to note is the two parts of the “show” outputs which I underlined. The “Rate” and the “Interval”. The Shape Average policy map has a Target/Average of 512,000/512,000. This is because as described previously, unused Shape Average tokens are put in to the Be bucket for use by future Tc intervals. This allows the router to still reach (but not exceed) its 512k/sec even when it encounters Tc intervals which do not use all of the Bc tokens.
On the other hand the Shape Peak policy map has a Target/Average of 1,024,000/512,000. This is because (as also described previously), Shape Peak allows the router to use Bc + Be every interval, regardless of whether there were unused Bc tokens in the previous Tc or not. Therefore, as Be = Bc by default, this allows the router to send traffic up to 1mb/sec.
Configuring a shaper with no excess burst requires manually setting the Bc and Be values so it will be covered in my next post, as will changing the Tc interval.
Note: See the Understanding MQC Series for more information.
As always, if you have any questions or have a topic that you would like me to discuss, please feel free to post a comment at the bottom of this blog entry, e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org, or drop me a message on Reddit (OzNetNerd).
Note: The opinions expressed in this blog are my own and not those of my employer.